DiSEqC (Digital Satellite Equipment Control)
A DiSEqC compatible receiver relies on a switching box which detects the 22kHz tone pulsing rapidly
on and off . In this way, a specially designed receiver can control numerous LNBs through a DiSEqC
An encoding system that digitally compresses up to 5.1 discrete channels of audio (left front, centre,
right front, left surround, right surround) into a single Bitstream. A low frequency eff ect (LFE) channel
is included providing the sound needed for special eff ects.
DVB (Digital Video Broadcasting)
Set of standards that defi ne digital broadcasts using satellite, cable or terrestrial systems.
EPG (Electronic Programme Guide)
An electronic equivalent to a printed television listings magazine; it is an application used with
digital set-top boxes and digital television sets to list current and scheduled programs that are or
will be available on each channel, including a short summary or commentary for each program. The
information supplied in the EPG is sent and updated by the channel broadcaster.
FEC (Forward Error Correction)
A technique for error control of data transmission.
The property of a signal measured in cycles per second (=Hz).
FTA (Free- To-Air)
An unscrambled broadcaster allowing customers to view channels or services without paying any
Hi-Fi (High Fidelity)
The characteristics of audio devices that can play back all the audio frequencies a person can detect,
which is the range of 16Hz~20KHz. Sometimes it is used to indicate good quality of audio devices such
as stereo tape recorders.
LNB (Low Noise Block)
A device that is mounted on an arm facing your satellite dish, focusing on satellite signals. A LNB
converts signals received from satellite to a lower frequency and sends them to a satellite receiver via
OSD (On Screen Display)
OSD displays the basic information necessary for the users to confi gure monitor or TV settings. OSD
information may include brightness, contrast, tuning, RGB adjustment, and screen size and position.
OTA (Over the Air)
A standard for the transmission of software for equipment, through a broadcast system. Manufacturers
reserve the right for deciding the release of the software for their products.
The direction of the electrical and magnetic fi elds of a signal. Satellites use both vertical and horizontal
polarisation. Means that a frequency can be used twice.
PID (Packet Identifi er)
A set of numbers identifying stream packets contained within a single data stream.
QPSK (Quaternary Phase Shift Keying)
Digital modulation technique in which the carrier phase can have one of four possible values.
RF (Radio Frequency)
Television signals are modulated onto RF signals and are then demodulated by your television’s or
Enables you to output the receiver’s digital signals to a TVs RF (Aerial) input, allowing you to connect
the receiver to a TV set without a SCART connection.
A connection to allow you to connect to a PC to update receiver’s software.
A 21-pin connector standard to connect two pieces of Audio-Visual equipment such as a TV and a VCR.
Each device will have a 21-pin female connection; a cable with male connection at both ends is used
for connecting the devices.
A credit card sized card that contains updateable chip memory. It is used for accessing Pay TV
(encrypted) channel or services when inserted into an appropriate receiver.
S/PDIF (Sony/Philips Digital Interface format)
A standard format for the transfer of digital audio signals. It allows the transfer of digital audio
between two devices without any conversion to and from analogue, which could degrade the signal
Sometimes referred to as Y/C video; a technology for transmitting video signals via a cable. It is a video
signal transmission in which the luminance (brightness) and the chrominance (colour) signals are
transmitted separately to achieve superior picture clarity.
A satellite is divided up in parts called transponders. A transponder is one distribution section of the
satellite. Each transponder can be used for distribution of several channels or services.
PIP (Picture In Picture)
A function that allows you to display two diff erent TV channels (or TV inputs) on a single screen.
PVR (Personal Video Recorder)
Video recorder that can record and playback programmes directly using the embedded hard disk
Pause, Fast Forward/Fast Rewind, Slow Motion, Instant Replay, Commercial Skip, Repeat A-B.
TSR (Time Shifted Recording)
A function that records the present programme temporarily to support trick-play.
HDD (Hard Disk Drive)
The primary computer storage medium, which is made of one or more aluminum or glass platters,
coated with a ferromagnetic material.